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Lead Levels in Lipsticks
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- A new analysis finds lead levels in many lipsticks are higher than those reported in 2007 by the consumer advocacy group Campaign for Safe Cosmetics.
This new analysis, conducted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and published in a recent issue of the Journal of Cosmetic Science, used new techniques to determine the lead levels.
Despite the findings, the agency reiterated its stance on the issue.
"Lipstick is a product intended for topical use, and is only ingested incidentally and in very small quantities," said FDA spokeswoman Stephanie Kwisnek. "FDA does not consider the lead levels that it found in lipsticks to be a safety concern. FDA also notes that the lead levels that it found are lower than limits recommended by other public health authorities for lead in cosmetics, including lipstick."
The Personal Care Products Council, which represents the cosmetic and personal care products industry, agreed.
"[FDA] . . . found the lead levels present to be safe and well below limits recommended by international regulatory and public health authorities," the council said in a statement. "Consumers who use lipstick ingest only a tiny fraction of the lipstick they apply, and much of the lead that is ingested in that tiny fraction of lipstick is not biologically available because it is trapped inside larger particles and excreted by the body."
A medical expert agreed that the levels are still low, but wondered if they could build up to more toxic amounts, especially in fetuses and children.
"If you put this on your mouth every day, or little kids' mouths or when you're pregnant, is this small amount of lead building up in a way that would actually affect infants, fetuses and young children significantly over time?" asked Dr. Sean Palfrey, a professor of pediatrics and public health at Boston University School of Medicine and medical director of Boston's Lead Poisoning Prevention Program.
"[These levels are] unlikely to actively harm most children, but they could, so why do it?" he added.
This new study used a technology called "inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry" to assess lead levels in 22 different lipsticks, all in shades of red.
According to the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, the average level of lead found in the lipsticks -- 1.7 parts per million -- is more than 10 times higher than the standard imposed on candy.
The group called on the FDA to "immediately set standards to require manufacturers to minimize lead in lipstick to the lowest achievable levels."
FDA does have authority to regulate color additives in cosmetics, but not other ingredients.
The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics study from 2007 tested 33 top-brand lipsticks sold in the United States and showed that more than half had detectable levels of lead, with 11 exceeding 0.1 parts per million, the federal lead limit for candy.
L'Oreal, Cover Girl, Christian Dior and Maybelline were among the brands found to have high lead levels. For example, L'Oreal Colour Riche True Red had a lead content of 0.65 parts per million, L'Oreal Colour Riche Classic Wine had 0.58 parts per million and Cover Girl's IncrediFull Lipcolor Maximum Red had 0.56 parts per million.
In the current study, FDA said that lipsticks from three manufacturers had the highest amounts of lead, but it did not specify the brands.
"It's apparent that basically no lead is really good for you, so if you're a company that's making a cosmetic, why include lead at all when you can make a perfectly equal adequate product without lead?" Palfrey said.
The burden of facilitating change rests largely with consumers, he added.
"Don't buy it," Palfrey said.
On its Web site, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that "because no threshold for adverse health effects in young children has been demonstrated [no safe blood level has been identified], all sources of lead exposure for children should be controlled or eliminated."
The FDA has more on lipstick and lead.
Author: By Amanda Gardner
SOURCES: Sean Palfrey, M.D., professor, pediatrics and public health, Boston University School of Medicine, and medical director, Boston's Lead Poisoning Prevention Program; statement, Personal Care Products Council; Stephanie Kwisnek, spokeswoman, U.S. Food and Drug Administration; July/August 2009 Journal of Cosmetic Science
Copyright © 2009 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.Read Article at HealthDay.com
Face Makeup for Women
Tips For Women to Look Better Through Face MakeupAuthor: Roberto Sedycias
It is a prerogative of every woman to look beautiful. Women use cosmetics to enhance their beauty and personality. A group or a combination of cosmetics is commonly known as `makeup`. Your makeup represents your personality hence there is a need to know the art of it. On the application of cosmetics you tend to feel polished and confident as it enhances your best features and pushes up your feminine quotient.
You have to be so perfect with your makeup technique that it reflects your creativity and imagination. If you learn to apply face makeup properly then you will not drown yourself in makeup and end up looking like a clown. It is an accomplished fact that cosmetics are the girl`s best friend and if applied skilfully then it can transform your face from dull and dreary to one of alive, striking and bright.
All of us have different face structure and makeup should be applied in such a way that it compliments the exact shape of your face. An oval face is considered to be a perfectly balanced face. It needs shortening at the forehead and chin with a dark foundation to make it more appealing and impressive. With an intelligent use of dark and light tones every facial type can appear to be oval.
You need to create an illusion of length with a square face and a rectangular face. Using a dark foundation these shapes are redefined at the four corners to soften the look of fullness. A round face can be made to appear longer by the use of a darker foundation at your temples as well as around the lower face. Same is applicable with the imperfections related to the chin and nose. By manipulating the shades you can balance and correct the rest of the features of your face.
Cosmetic is like a paint and the face is like a canvas .Hence you need to clear and prepare your face for makeup by cleansing, toning and moisturising. If you feel the need to exfoliate you may do it in the evening so that your skin gets back to some of its natural balance overnight.
First and foremost you need to select your foundation once your skin is prepared. There is a wide range of foundations available in the market for the First and foremost you need to select your foundation once your skin is prepared. There is a wide range of foundations available in the market for the lightest to the darkest of the skin. You select the one that match to your skin tone and then apply uniformly. If it does not look like a coat of paint then you have made a right choice. Remember to blend it properly or it will appear like a mask on your face.
Cosmetics are used to hide the flaws of the skin that become a cause of our worry. It is advisable to use minimum amount of makeup in the daytime whereas during the night you can add a little bit extra.
Your eyes are the most expressive features of your face and they can be highlighted with the use of an eye shadow, eyeliner and a mascara to make it look all the more beautiful. A concealer is used to hide the dark circles under the eyes. Application of a lighter shade of blush to the cheeks and then blending a bit of darker colour in the lower portion the cheek bone highlights your cheeks and makes it look even more attractive. You need to outline your lip with a lip pencil close to the colour of your lipstick then apply your lip colour. Press your lips together for a uniform coverage.
Makeup is more to do with looking beautiful than looking young. The essence of makeup lies in the feel good factor, if you feel good, you feel young and healthy. Good skin care along with healthy diet and little bit of exercise is basic to beauty and has a positive effect on most women.
About the Author:
You can have access to articles in portuguese language from the article section of page Jogos Roberto Sedycias works as IT consultant for Polomercantil